Nydek

Nydek (NS.: Nydek) - a vast village in the west. at the foot of the border strip, located in doi. (—>) Głuchówka and its tributaries: Strzelma and Górski Potok. It counts approx. 48 km2 of area i 2,2 thousand. residents. Its area extends to the border ridge over a considerable space from Ostry through the Great Britain. Czantoria and the UK. Soszów in the UK. Cone. On the Polish side, it borders on Leszna Górna, Ustroń and the Vistula, and on the Czech side - with Vendrynia, Bystrzyca, Gródek and Nawsiem. It consists of several parts: center, called "the field" (at the confluence of the above-mentioned. streams), Nowa Osada (or: Nowosady) u pd. at the foot of Ostry, The headache in the doi. Głuchówki, Shootin 'the doi. Strzelmej and the Mountains down. Mountain Stream.

The village was founded as part of the princely colonization: in half. XV w. Prince Przemysław II donated the land in the doi. Głuchówki to a man by the name of Nidek, who founded a farm there. The first written mention of Nydek comes from 1456 r. W 1502 r. The Nidkos sold the village to the well-known noble family of Czelów from Czechowice. Daughter of Achace Chela, Katarzyna, Nydek brought in his wife married to St. 1591 r. Jan Goczałkowski. At the beginning of the 18th century. Nowa Osada was established, and in years 1749-1777 housing estates in the Głuchówka valleys, Strzelma and Górski Potok. W 1792 r. The Goczałkowski family sold the village to Komorze Cieszyńska, which immediately parceled out the farm.

W 2 half. XVIII w. on the border of Nydek, In Leszna Górna and Ustroń, quite rich were discovered, ore deposits shallow below the surface, containing approx. 15% iron. Based on this ore, it was created, as the first of 6 small steel mills, steelworks in Ustroń (1772), and the last of them - the Trzyniecka steelworks (1839). Out of 18 locality, delivering ore to Třinec, Nydek covered more than half of the demand; e.g. w 1843 r. excavated here 1465 t. rudy. He also provided a large proportion of the charcoal, fired in numerous charcoal mills from local beech trees. The extraction of ore caused land devastation. It was especially acute before 1848 r., when the peasants were forced, by themselves in doing serfdom, they dug up their fields for free. At the same time, however, there was a rapid demographic development of the countryside: in years 1851-1869 the number of inhabitants of Nydek increased from 1009 do 1567.

When approx. 1865 r. Hard coal and coke were used for the smelting of iron in Třinec, bog iron is no longer suitable for the charge, charcoal has also become redundant. Most of the ore miners and coal workers joined the staff of the steelworks in Třinec. This relationship and the Vocational education of the Nydczans resulted in faster ones, than in other Beskid villages, progress of civilization, especially in the field of agricultural mechanization. In turn, the economic crisis of the interwar years caused many unemployed in Nydek. The famous Nydek "szwercyrze" came from them (smugglers), chasing whole herds of cattle from Poland to Czechoslovakia, horses and pigs, and on the other hand carrying tons of industrial goods, mostly shoes.

In the interwar period, Nydek became famous as one of the most important ski resorts in the Beskids. W 1932 r. on the initiative of skiing enthusiasts from the Polish Sports Club "Groń" Bystrzyca in the course 5 months has been built here, for the conditions at the time, the ski jump "Na Kąty" down. Mountain Stream (jumping above 50 m). Its designer was the builder of the Zakopane "Krokiew", Capt. Roman Loteczko, and the first jumps were made by the most famous Polish skier at the time, Bronisław Czech. Until the beginning of the 1950s, it hosted very popular competitions, in which almost all of the then leading Polish and Czechoslovak competitors competed. Later the jump became the property of the sports club of the Třinec steel plant, who enlarged and rebuilt it. Its record holder (70 m) is the Czechoslovak Olympic champion Jerzy Raśka. Two smaller buildings were built next to it (30 i 40 m), covered with plastic.

The most important monument in Nydek is a wooden church, built by Protestants in 1576 r., mainly thanks to the efforts of the then mayor Walenty Rykała. W 1654 r. it passed into the hands of Catholics. Protestants later held their services at a large rock in the hamlet of Zakamień (19C) in Strzelma. During subsequent renovations (1789,1894 i 1910) the church was disfigured, m.in. instead of shingles, it was boarded and covered with asbestos. In the higher hamlets, many examples of old residential buildings have survived, already used mainly for recreational purposes, the so-called. here "vicindziorz".

In Nydek "na Dziołek" (near Miąsze) Ewa Milerska was born (1915—1985), and "na Farka" - Aniela Kupcowa (ur. 1920), both counted among the most outstanding Beskid folk poets.

post. Restaurants in the center: "Nydeczanka", Messrs. "Pod Lipami" (or "At Heczki"), „Myslivna”. Bar, bakery. ĆSAD bus transport with Bystrzyca and Třinec, as well as with other "districts" of Nydek: Deaf, Shoot and Up.

One Reply on “Nydek”

  1. Interesting article, albeit incomplete when it comes to the mentioned parts of Nydek. There are many more of them, even for example Odmiarek, Corners. Spit, etc..
    Restaurant information definitely out of date, given the publication date of this post.
    The Nydeczanka restaurant is almost closed 2 years, Myslivna much longer, and the inn at Lipami has recently changed hands.
    Best regards from Nydek 🙂

    http:/toninapisal.blogspot.com

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