Apart from Polish and Czech, Slovak belongs to the group of West Slavic languages. From the earliest times, Slovaks used dialects and dialects, which developed in a certain isolation due to the fragmentation of the population.
The problem of the Slovak language appeared during the Reformation, which introduced national languages into the Protestant Church. However, the psalms were sung in Czech, as there was no consistent Slovak language yet, which, moreover, no one regretted. The role of language as the basic carrier of national identity was noticed only during the Enlightenment. At the end of the 18th century. the Catholic priest Anton Bernolak made an attempt to codify the Slovak literary language on the basis of the West Slovak dialect, similar to the Czech language.
The intense Magyarization in the second half of the 19th century was a significant obstacle in the process of solidifying the tongue. Besides, Hungarian and Slovak interacted with each other, which is reflected in bilateral language borrowings.
The modern Slovak language is divided into three dialects: Central Slovak, West Slovak and East Slovak, in which numerous dialects stand out. With the establishment of the Slovak Republic, it became a full-fledged European language.